Archive for the ‘Community Associations’ Category

ATC’s Trinity Hundredmark & Martina Palatto appointed to state bar YLD Board of Directors   Leave a comment

Trinity M. Hundredmark and Martina G. Palatto of Andersen, Tate & Carr P.C. in Duluth have been appointed to serve on the Young Lawyers Division of the State Bar of Georgia as part of the Board of Directors. Hundredmark and Palatto will act as directors of special projects for education and will assist in promoting initiatives set by the YLD president, Sharri Edenfield, focusing on service to military veterans, leadership development in YLD members and finding solutions to access to justice issues.

Hundredmark was appointed by the Supreme Court of Georgia to serve as a District 9 chair on the Unauthorized Practice of Law Committee for the State Bar of Georgia. Palatto is a cum laude graduate of the University of Georgia School of Law and has served as executive editor of the Journal of Intellectual Property Law, president of the Health Law Society and vice president of the Student Bar Association.

The YLD has more than 25 committees that produce a variety of projects and programs. It has also gained national recognition by winning several American Bar Association awards for its projects and publications.

As posted in the Gwinnett GAB section of the Gwinnett Daily Post


Bray Admitted to College of Community Association Lawyers   Leave a comment

3259734_1 Amy H. Bray, Esq., partner at Andersen, Tate & Carr, P.C., has been granted membership in the College of Community Association Lawyers (CCAL)—of fewer than 150 attorneys nationwide to be admitted to the prestigious organization. Members of the College are among the most respected community association attorneys in the country.

CCAL was established in 1993 by Community Associations Institute (CAI), with membership consisting of attorneys who have distinguished themselves through contributions to the evolution and practice of community association law. CCAL members are also recognized for committing themselves to high standards of professional and ethical conduct.

Ms. Bray’s practice focuses on real estate, encompassing both commercial and residential closings and extensive experience in community association law. She is also an experienced mediator, who applies her knowledge to the practical and efficient settlement of real estate-related disputes.

Celebrating its 25th anniversary, Andersen, Tate & Carr, P.C. was founded in 1988. In that time the firm has grown from two to almost thirty attorneys and over sixty employees, making it the largest business law firm in Gwinnett County. The firm’s roots in Gwinnett County reach back much further; however, as some of its attorneys have practiced here since the mid-1970s. Andersen, Tate & Carr has become one of the preeminent law firms in suburban Atlanta by offering unparalleled legal representation in a wide variety of practice areas, such as real estate and banking, corporate and business transactions, civil litigation, land use and development, estate planning, criminal defense, and family law.

CCAL provides a forum for the exchange of information among experienced legal professionals working for the advancement of community association governance. Its goals include promoting high standards of professional and ethical responsibility, improving and advancing community association law and practice, and facilitating the development of educational materials and programming pertaining to legal issues.

CAI is a national membership organization dedicated to helping homeowner and condominium associations meet the expectations of their residents. The organization accomplishes this mission by providing information, tools and resources to homeowner volunteer leaders and community managers who govern and manage common-interest communities. By helping its members learn, excel and achieve, CAI strengthens the governance and management of community associations throughout the country, making them better places to live.

More than 62 million Americans live in an estimated 325,000 homeowner and condominium associations, cooperatives and other planned communities.

More News on the Proposed Community Association “Superlien” in Georgia

English: Symbol of Georgia State Senate .

English: Symbol of Georgia State Senate . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Senate Banking and Financial Institutions Committee is poised to consider Georgia Senate Bill 56 and a priority lien for community associations this Friday, February 22, 2013.

Georgia ranks in the top of the nation for the number of foreclosures, and communities across our state continue to feel the devastating economic impact of foreclosures. A priority lien would help community associations by requiring that a foreclosing bank satisfy up to six months worth of homeowners or condominium owners’ association fees that are due at the time of foreclosure.

For more information regarding how to contact your legislators regarding the bill, go to!/cai.georgia provided by the legislative action committee of the Georgia chapter of the Community Associations Institute for a more extensive discussion and contact information for the legislators.


Georgia Community Association “Priority Lien” Bill – A New Year, Another Chance

For years now, there has been an ongoing push to try to pass a bill in the Georgia legislature that would give community associations that are subject to the Georgia Property Owners Association Act (as opposed to “common law associations”) and condominium associations a special “Priority Lien.”  In 2013, the push continues.  The proposed legislation would allow Georgia associations to collect up to 6 months of past due assessments at a foreclosure sale, if any assessments were due at the time of foreclosure. In 2013 expect this push to continue.  Similar bills have been adopted in 18 states and the District of Columbia in the wake of the home foreclosure crisis.
This would be a huge help to associations. Often assessments are one of the first bills to go unpaid when a homeowner gets into financial trouble and at the time of a foreclosure there may be significant amounts overdue. As the law currently stands the lien of the association for the past due assessments is wiped out in condominiums and associations subject to the Georgia Property Owners Association Act (and generally in common law associations too). Associations typically have no other income stream and so this can really hurt the association’s ability to fund its obligations, often to the detriment of the other property owners that are members of the association.
However, bank lobbyists have lobbied extensively against the passage of such a bill and stand strongly opposed to its adoption.
Also, if such a bill were passed, the distinction between “common law associations” and Georgia Property Owners Association Act associations (aka “POA Act associations” or “statutory associations”) would continue to grow.

This is a situation that bears watching, especially if you are a member of an association that would be affected by such a change in the law.

By: Amy H. Bray, a partner in our Commercial Real Estate Department

More Guidance for Community Associations

Amy Bray and Marian Adeimy have just published a new article for those community associations facing problems relating to banks and holding companies owning un-built lots in subdivisions: “Constructive Advice for Dealing with Banks Holding (Unconstructed) Lots” in the Second Quarter 2012 issue of Georgia Commons, a publication of the Community Associations Institute Georgia Chapter.

If you are interested in a copy of the article or finding out more, please contact us.

Talking Consensus in Community Associations   Leave a comment

ATC partner Amy Bray was quoted extensively in the recent article “Hanging Up the Gloves” by Anna Stolley Persky in the Community Association Institute’s May/June 2012 issue of Common Ground magazine.

The article analyzes and shares information for homeowners and condominium association boards to consider in approaching and resolving disputes.  Ms. Bray was consulted not just for her experience in representing associations, but for her experience as a mediator of such disputes.  She is registered as a mediator with the Georgia Office of Dispute Resolution, with years of experience both with dealing with all legal aspects of community associations and with mediating lawsuits.


How to Form an HOA in Georgia

To be honest, I’m not really going to tell you everything about how to form a Homeowners Association (an “HOA”) in Georgia.  Much like everything else in the land of things legal, it is both simple and complicated at the same time.  To tell you that would be to write a book. . . but I will try to give you some guidance as to the basics.

 Before you decide to form a homeowners association, you need to consider why you want (or need) it, what you want it to do, and what’s already in place.

 If you said “huh?” to the “what’s already in place,” let me back up. 

 It is far different, and easier, to put a homeowners association in place in a neighborhood that is in development.  There’s typically less owners and lenders involved that need to agree to the necessary documents. 

 In a situation where you have an already developed neighborhood with a number of owners and lenders, things change.  You have lots of varying ideas about what is good for the neighborhood and what those owners will agree to.  It is often much, much harder to get in contact with the lenders on the various lots to consent to any necessary documents. 

 On the plus side, you may already have some of the necessary documents in place that you can work with, such as in a fairly new development where the developer was unable to finish building out the subdivision and it was taken over by the bank.  Part of the standard “package” of governing document may already exist and you merely need to take some additional steps, such as incorporating the association or drafting bylaws. 

 Underlying all is the concern that you must be sure that there is legal authority for the actions that you are taking, so that the documents can really bind the members and be used to govern.

 I urge caution in each instance — and not simply as a matter of job protection for myself.  I’ve seen enough mis-matched documents to know that you can create a world of problems, despite some very good intentions.  At best, there may be ambiguities, redundancies, and omissions.  At worst, you find ambiguities, redundancies, and omissions because of a dispute over an election, assessments, or other matter.  The confusion makes the situation worse.   I’ve seen where attorneys make this mistake too, so it has little to do with whether one is a lawyer or a layman.  It has to do with familiarity with how an HOA functions and what it needs to do the job it has been given.

 The problem that often arises is that folks don’t understand how the documents fit together.  Moving forward with a “this looks good” mentality, they create problems for the future.  Other times, there’s genuine mistakes such as confusing by-laws (the document that governs the corporate functions of the association) with the covenants, conditions, and restrictions (a document that creates obligations and rights as part of ownership of a lot in the subdivision).  Other issues can be mistakes as to the tax status that the association qualifies for under the IRS tax code.  A homeowners association *may* qualify for tax exempt status under 501(c)(4)  but it may not.   You would need to go to a reputable tax professional to receive guidance on what the association will qualify for.

 I know, I have still not answered the question “how to form an HOA in Georgia.”

 The bottom line is that you need the governing documents: a declaration of covenants, conditions, and restrictions that creates rights and obligations arising from ownership of a lot, you need articles of incorporation to form the association as a separate, nonprofit corporation, and you need by-laws to set out the rules for how the corporation functions.  Each of these documents needs to be written so that it functions with the others.  Certain rights and obligations need to be in the document best-suited to provide the authority and/or enforceability to carry forward the intention behind the words. 

 It sounds easy when I tell you that, but hopefully you see now that there’s more to it. Just as I said above, it is both simple and complicated at the same time.   The level of complication rises when you consider whether the homeowners association you form should be subject to the Georgia Property Owners Association Act.  Depending upon your situation, the Act can be helpful for the association’s functions.  However, in some cases it is not.  

 If you are contemplating forming a homeowners association, I urge you to get legal advice from an attorney experienced with dealing with this practice area.  They can point out common pitfalls and other issues.  They may have suggestions, based on experience, about better ways to structure things.  If you have budget constraints, discuss them with the attorney up front.  I know I always appreciate knowing about such issues and I try to work with my clients to identify costs upfront on projects like this, where at least part of the fees associated with the work can be estimated. 

Do you want to use this blog article?

You may, as long as you include this complete bio with it:

 Amy H. Bray is a Georgia attorney, focusing her practice in community association and real estate law matters. 

 Her firm, Andersen, Tate & Carr, P.C., works with all manner of clients in business and personal matters, providing “big firm” sophistication with suburban law firm attention and service.



 Copyright © 2012, Amy H. Bray & Andersen, Tate & Carr, P.C.

%d bloggers like this: